Forest fires that have occurred over the past few weeks have threatened plant and animal species native to the Amazon jungle, Brazil. Brazil’s Space Agency report, BSA recorded this year to be the worst fire record with 72,843 hotspots. To donate for the safety of Amazon forest, you can try to play agen sbobet and win the casino game without losing any money in your wallet.
Authorities note that two Brazilian states, Mato Grosso and Para, have experienced increased forest fires throughout 2019. Although forest fires are seen as common during the dry season, rogue farmers who burn forests to clear land are thought to exacerbate them.
Summarized from various sources, including species of plants and animals native to the Amazon whose ecosystems are threatened due to forest fires.
Brazilian Cottonwood Tree
Kapok tree or Brazilian kapok tree (Ceiba pentandra) is called a giant Amazon rainforest. Within a year, this tree is believed to grow up to a height of 4 meters. This plant can grow with heights reaching 50 to 60 meters.
This species has actually spread from South America to the whole Neotropic from southern Mexico to the Amazon. Besides inhibiting the Amazon region, this tree also grows in West Africa, the Malay Peninsula, and Indonesia.
The advantage of cottonwood trees is that they give rise to an unpleasant odor emitted by pink and white flowers to attract bats. Next, the bats move from one tree to another to feed nectar (flower essence), which facilitates the pollination process.
Local people use light wood from cottonwood trees to carve canoes (wooden boats). While the clumps of fiber produced are often known as “silk cotton”.
The silk cotton produced by cottonwood is called the lightest natural fiber in the world that can be used as raw material for pillows and blankets. Seeds, leaves, bark, and sap of cottonwood trees have also been used to treat dysentery, fever, and kidney disease by the indigenous people of the Amazon for hundreds of years.
In the wild, rubber trees (Hevea brasiiliensis) can grow to a height of 30-40 meters and can live for up to 100 years. This tree is known as milky white latex called latex and flows freely from the tree when a piece of bark is cut.
During the reproduction process, the fruit of the rubber tree will explode when ripe and spread many seeds around the tree. This species is commonly found in lowland wet forests, wetlands, and riparian zones such as those found in South America such as Brazil, Venezuela, Ecuador, Colombia, Peru, and Bolivia.
Brazil Nuts (Brazil-nut tree)
Brazil nut trees are mostly found in the Amazon rainforest in Brazil, Venezuela, Bolivia, Colombia, Peru, and Ecuador. This plant grows well in moist lowland rainforest.
Citing WWF, this plant is sensitive to deforestation or the process of removing natural forests by logging for timber or converting forest areas to non-forest areas.
Brazil nut trees depend on agoutis to spread seeds, a bee for pollination, and other plants in the rainforest for survival.